“90 percent of cancer-causing factors are environmental”

After the deaths of cardiovascular disease known cause of cancer in the world and in Turkey, emphasizing that it is the second cause of death, Dr. Lecturer Nurten Elkin, Member, “The leading factors causing cancer are environmental factors at a rate of 90 percent and genetic factors at a rate of 10 percent. When we look at environmental factors, alcohol, tobacco use, infections, unhealthy diet and obesity are preventable causes, ”he said.

Reminding that cancer is a common name given to many diseases due to its common features, Dr. Elkin listed the symptoms of cancer as follows: “Handling of a painless, growing mass in the breast, palpable swelling under the skin in areas such as armpits, neck, groin, weight loss or gain for no known reason, loss of appetite and fatigue, non-healing wounds, prolonged hoarseness or cough, formation of a new mole (nevus) in the body or changes in the existing moles, changes in bowel habits such as diarrhea and constipation, difficult or painful urination, indigestion after eating, difficulty in swallowing, abdominal pain, unexplained night sweats, bloody urine, irregular menstrual bleeding, bleeding from the nose and gums, blood in the stool, bleeding under the skin and easy bruising. “


Stating that the cause of the symptoms may not be related to cancer most of the time, the health institution should be consulted if the symptoms last longer than a few weeks. Nurten Elkin said, “Many cancers are likely to be cured if diagnosed early and treated appropriately. Individuals in the society; It is important to know that at least one third of deaths from cancer can be prevented by not using tobacco products, ensuring adequate and balanced nutrition, increasing physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding alcohol. In addition, prevention of air pollution, avoiding exposure to sunlight especially between 10:00 and 16:00, and taking protective measures, protection from infectious agents such as cancer-causing HPV and Hepatitis B, and occupational and environmental exposure to carcinogens are also important in protection from cancer ”.


Drawing attention to the need to increase the knowledge of the society with early diagnosis programs in cancer, Dr. “Individuals’ early admission to the health institution when they encounter symptoms will create very positive results in diagnosis and treatment. Screening programs are carried out for breast, colon and cervical cancers in our country. Community based cancer screening programs; Cancer Early Diagnosis Screening and Training Centers (KETEM), Community Health Centers (TSM), Healthy Life Centers (SHM) and Family Health Centers (ASM). In our country, screening services are provided free of charge against breast, colon (colorectal) and cervical cancers ”.